Tues June 20


At Tel Hazor, I saw one of the most spectacular views ever. 

I could imagine Jabin, the king of Hazor (Joshua 11:1), sitting back on his royal throne, secure in his unconquerable mountain palace, ruler of all the fertile flatlands before him.

Having rule over all he saw before him, he would think himself invincible.


Jabin, evidently the king-pin (11:10) among the northern kings of Canaan, “sent word to” three kings listed by name and eleven more locations and/or people groups (11:1-3). Verse 4 says they “came out with all their troops … horses … and chariots” after receiving Jabin’s call.


Jabin had amassed “a huge army, as numerous as the sand on the seashore.” (11:4)

The northern campaign started about 5-6 years after Jericho fell according to Dr. Wood, the archaeologist and dig director of the 2010 dig at Khirbet el Maqatir.

Our greatest a adventure: Digging with the Associates for Biblical Research Dig Team, 2010.



A clue to the timing of Joshua’s conquest is in Caleb’s words to Joshua (14:10).

Why wait so long?

I suggest God did it again! He had the Hebrews wait–until everything was just right.


The Hebrews stayed in Gilgal for perhaps 4-5 years waiting for God to direct Joshua’s last campaign.

(The sequel to Shepherd, Potter, Spy—and the Star Namer, in progress but so far un-titled, will suggest another part of the reason for Joshua to wait.)


This is a socket stone for a gate. A large timber of a large wooden gate would rest in the hole and the gate would open and close by turning on this axis.

The burn layer of Jericho, 1 meter thick, just above center in this picture from our visit there in 2010.

The Hebrews responded (11:7-9) to the “huge army” camped together by the “Waters of Merom.” Joshua defeated “all the armies of northern Canaan” together “and left no survivors.” When Joshua “turned back” from following the remnants of those armies all the way to “Greater Sidon,” he attacked Hazor, defeated it, “put their king to the sword”, and burned Hazor.


Hazor is the largest of only three cities that Joshua’s army burned: Jericho (8 acres), Ai (2 acres), and Hazor (___) .




Moses promised the Hebrews in Deuteronomy 6:10, they would live in “a land with large, flourishing cities you did not build.”


At Hazor we visited the 30-year on-going dig. The dig is known for the many proofs of Hazor’s ancient connections with Egypt.


I will never forget Hazor–for its magnificent vistas.