Mon June 19

This one is on the Mediterranean coast.

We went to Cesarea Maritima on the coast.





Not Cesarea Philippi in the north at the foot of Mt. Hermon.

Large rodent called Nutria seen 2010 at Caesarea Philippi, 2010.








At C.M. we saw the place of Herod’s man-made harbor where St. Paul as a prisoner boarded a ship headed to Rome. 



Herod filled barges with rocks and sank them. Some are still found underwater.


The Roman amphitheater where dramatic performances were presented …








and the hippodrome where horsemanship events were held. We were told the best seats in 


the house were those at the turns of the oval because that’s where the spills and thrills of chariot racing happened. Some of the young people in our group had a foot race to a cheering crowd.

From there we moved to the viaduct built 

by the Romans to bring water from over 30 miles away to the city of Cesaerea.

Steps down to board a boat going to Rome? The Great Sea has retaken the shoreline from Herod’s “improvements” over 2000 years ago.

Scott had told us there are 3 criteria for locating a city in ancient times: 1) water, 2) security, and 3) access to trade routes. Cesaeria violated the first since the Mediterranean is salty. But the Roman

Tenth Legion and Herod’s  structures have stood mostly intact for over 2,000 years.

Many were built the with local building materials which was sandstone. Have you heard the wind on a blustery day whining as it rounds the eaves of your house? Some of the arches of the aqueduct show evidence of wind erosion. Winds have picked up sand over the centuries and have whittled at the corners and crevices of the sandstone structures.


And then we played in the water. 

A lovely short stay at the beach.